NASA's James Webb Space Telescope

Design Reference Mission (DRM)

The Ad Hoc Science Working Group (ASWG) was responsible for identifying the core science goals for the JWST mission. From 1997 to 1999, it developed hypothetical observing programs to accomplish them. These 25 programs were known as the Design Reference Mission (DRM) and were used to guide telescope, instrument, and satellite designs. 

Ideally, the JWST would be capable of accomplishing the DRM in less than half of its nominal 5-year lifetime, leaving the remainder of the observatory's mission for broader studies and follow-up observations. Observations were included in the DRM because they were thought to be representative of the types of science that people would do with a large, infrared-optimized space telescope. The DRM Programs fall within 5 main theme and are presented in detail sufficient to aid in the development of functional requirements for the JWST mission (e.g., before the selection and final design of the instruments and telescope optics). 

Cosmology and the Structure of the Universe
Mapping the Dark Matter Distribution at High Redshift with NGST Peter Schneider, Jean-Paul Kneib, Roser Pello
Measuring Cosmological Parameters with High-z Supernovae Robert Kirshner, Piero Madau
Microlensing in the Virgo Cluster and the Role of Baryonic Dark Matter in the Universe Hans-Walter Rix
Observing the IR Transients of Gamma-ray Bursts and their Host Galaxies Peter Stockman, Piero Madau, Avi Loeb
Probing the Intergalactic Medium out to the Reionization Epoch Peter Jakobsen, Piero Madau, Avi Loeb, Jill Bechtold

 

The Origin and Evolution of Galaxies
The Evolution of the Cosmic Supernova Rates (revised April 1999) Piero Madau, Robert Kirshner, Andrea Ferrara
The Formation and Evolution of Galaxies I: The Deep Imaging Survey(s) Simon Lilly, Mike Fall, Massimo Stiavelli, Piero Madau, Avi Loeb, Jon Gardner, Marcia Rieke
The Formation and Evolution of Galaxies II: The Deep Spectroscopic Survey(s) Simon Lilly, Mike Fall, Massimo Stiavelli, Piero Madau, Avi Loeb, Jon Gardner, Marcia Rieke
The Formation and Evolution of Galaxies III: Cluster Galaxies Simon Lilly, Mike Fall, Massimo Stiavelli, Piero Madau, Avi Loeb, Jon Gardner, Marcia Rieke
The Formation and Evolution of Galaxies IV: The Relation between Galaxy Evolution and AGN Simon Lilly, Mike Fall, Massimo Stiavelli, Piero Madau, Avi Loeb, Jon Gardner, Marcia Rieke, Robert Fosbury
The Formation and Evolution of Galaxies V: Obscured Star Formation at High Redshifts Marcia Rieke, Simon Lilly, James Graham, Jill Bechtold, Mike Fall, Massimo Stiavelli
Formation and Evolution of Galaxies: Stressing the Need for Wide-field Ultraviolet Rest-frame Photometry (submitted April 1999 to complement the imaging survey) D. Burgarella, V. Buat, F. Hammer, M. Ward, P. O'Brien, B. Millard

 

The History of the Milky Way and Its Neighbors
The Age of the Oldest Stars from the Faint End Slope of the White Dwarf Luminosity Function in Globular Clusters R. Michael Rich, Bruce Margon, Harvey Richer
The Ages and Chemistry of the Oldest Stellar Halo Populations R. Michael Rich, Bruce Margon
A Complete Initial Mass Function for Old Stellar Populations R. Michael Rich, Bruce Margon
A Spectroscopic Study of Cool, Field Brown Dwarf Neighbors (revised June 30 1999) Jim Liebert, H.S. Stockman, Mike Rich

 

The Birth and Formation of Stars
Dynamics and Evolution of the Interstellar Medium: Cosmic Recycling John Bally, Neal Evans, Ted Snow, David Neufeld, Jon Morse, Ewine van Dishoeck
The Origin of Sub-stellar Mass Objects: Probing Brown Dwarfs and Extra-solar Planets in Star-forming Regions Michael Meyer
The Physics of Star Formation: Understanding the Youngest Protostars (revised 26 May, 1999) Tom Greene, Michael Meyer, John Bally, Suzan Edwards

 

The Origin and Evolution of Planetary Systems
Detection and Characterization of Extra-solar Planets Joan Najita, Jeff Valenti, Karl Stapelfeldt
Detection and Characterization of Jovian Planets and Brown Dwarf Companions in the Solar Neighborhood (draft submitted April 1999) John Trauger, Raghvendra Sahai, Karl Stapelfeldt, Dwight Moody, Jonathan Lunine
Evolution of Circumstellar Disks around Young Stars: The Search for Gas and Remnant Dust Michael Meyer, Ewine van Dishoeck, Craig Kulesa, Joan Najita
Explorations in Astrobiology: Evolution of Organic Matter from the ISM to Planetary Systems (submitted April 1999) Tom Greene, Lou Allamandola, Scott Sandford
Measuring the Physical Properties of Kuiper Belt Objects Marcia Rieke, Phil Nicholson
A Survey of the Trans-Neptunian Region Philip D. Nicholson, Brett J. Gladman